h1

Article: 112 Dissolution of Provincial Assembly

1[112. Dissolution of Provincial Assembly.-(l) The Governor shall dissolve the Provincial Assembly if so advised by the Chief Minister; and the Provincial Assembly shall, unless sooner dissolved, stand dissolved at the expiration of forty-eight hours after the Chief Minister has so advised.

Explanation.- Reference in this Article to ‘Chief Minister’ shall not be construed to include reference to a Chief Minister against whom a notice of a resolution for a vote of no-confidence has been given in the Provincial Assembly but has not been voted upon or against whom a resolution for a vote of no-confidence has been passed.

(2) The Governor may also dissolve the Provincial Assembly in his discretion, but subject to the previous approval of the President, where a vote of no-confidence having been passed against the Chief Minister, no other member of the Provincial Assembly commands the confidence of the majority of the members of the Provincial Assembly in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, as ascertained in a session of the Provincial Assembly summoned for the purpose.]

_________________________________________________________________________________

Footnotes:

1. Section 37 of the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010 (10 of 2010), substituted Art. 112, in its present form, (w.e.f. April 19, 2010), in place of the Art. as amended upto 2003 by the Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2003 (3 of 2003), (w.e.f. December 31, 2003),  that read :

112.         Dissolution of Provincial Assembly.— A[(1)] The Governor shall dissolve    the    Provincial    Assembly    if    so    advised    by    the    Chief    Minister; and    the    Provincial    Assembly    shall,    unless    sooner    dissolved,    stand dissolved   at  the  expiration of  forty-eight  hours after the Chief Minister has so advised.

EXPLANATION. —  Reference    in   this   Article   to  “Chief Minister” shall not   be   construed   to   include   reference   to  a Chief Minister against  whom a B[notice  of a resolution  for  a vote of no-confidence has been given] in the Provincial   Assembly    but    has   not   been   voted   upon   or against whom a resolution   for    a   vote   of    no-confidence   has    been   passed   or   who is continuing   in  office  by  virtue  of  clause  (2)  of  Article  134  or  a  Provincial Minister   performing    the   functions   of   Chief   Minister   under   clause   (1) or clause (3) of Article 135.

C[(2) The Governor may also dissolve the Provincial Assembly in his discretion, but subject to the previous approval of the President, where, in his opinion,—

(a)  a vote of no-confidence having been passed against the Chief Minister, no other member of the Provincial Assembly is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Provincial Assembly in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution, as ascertained in a session of the Provincial Assembly summoned for the purpose; or

D[(b) a situation has arisen in which the Government of the Province cannot be carried on in accordance with the provisions of the Constitution and an appeal to the electorate is necessary.] ]

E[(3) The Governor in case of dissolution of the Provincial Assembly under paragraph (b) of clause (2) shall, within fifteen days of the dissolution, refer the matter to the Supreme Court with the previous approval of the President and the Supreme Court shall decide the reference within thirty days whose decision shall be final.]

A. Section 14 of the Constitution (Eight Amendment) Act, 1985, (18 of 1985), renumbered  Art. 112 and added clause 2 thereto, (w.e.f. November 11, 1985).

B. Section 14(a) of the Constitution  (Eight Amendment) Act, 1985, (18 of 1985), substituted the said words in place of the words “resolution for a vote of no-confidence has been moved”, in the Explanation to clause (1) of Art. 112, (w.e.f. November 11, 1985).

C. Section 14(b) of the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1985, (18 of 1985), added clause (2) to Art. 112, (w.e.f. November 11, 1985).

D. Section 10 of the Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2003 (3 of 2003), validated the reinsertion of paragraph (b) to clause (2) of Art. 112, (w.e.f. December 31, 2003), Item 15 of the schedule to LFO (C.E.O. No. 24 of 2002), reinserted paragraph (b) of clause (2) of Art. 112 (w.e.f. August 21, 2002), that was omitted by section 4 of the Constitution (Thirteenth Amendment) Act, 1997 (1 of 1997), (w.e.f April 3, 1997).  The said paragraph was first added by section 14(b) of the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1985, (18 of 1985), (w.e.f. November 11, 1985).

E. Section 4 of the Constitution (Seventeenth Amendment) Act, 2003 (3 of 2003), added a new clause (3) to Art. 112, (w.e.f. December 31, 2003).


Comparative Table of Article 112 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :
Constitution of Pakistan 1962 :
74
Constitution of Pakistan 1956 :
83(1)
Constitution of India 1950:
174(2)(b)
Government of India Act 1935:
62(2)(c)


__________________________________________________________________________________

Leading & Latest Cases on Article 112 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :

FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN AND OTHERS
AFTAB AHMED KHAN SHERPAO AND OTHERS
CHOWDHRY PERVAIZ ELLAHI
PROVINCE OF PUNJAB
AHMAD TARIQ RAHIM
FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN
PERVAIZ ELAHI
PROVINCE OF PUNJAB AND OTHERS
PERVAIZ ELAHI
PROVINCE OF PUNJAB AND ANOTHER

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: