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Article: 12 Protection against retrospective punishment

12. Protection against retrospective punishment.-(1) No law shall authorize the punishment of a person-

(a) for an act or omission that was not punishable by law at the time of the act or omission; or

(b) for an offence by a penalty greater than, or of a kind different from, the penalty prescribed by law for that offence at the time the offence was committed.

(2) Nothing in clause (1) or in Article 270 shall apply to any law making acts of abrogation or subversion of a Constitution in force in Pakistan at any time since the twenty-third day of March, one thousand nine hundred and fifty-six, an offence.

_____________________________________________________

Footnotes:


Comparative Table of Article 12 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :
Constitution of Pakistan 1962 :
6(I.4)
Constitution of Pakistan 1956 :
6
Constitution   of   India    1950:
20(1)
Government of India Act 1935:

 __________________________________________________________

Leading & Latest Cases on Article 12 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :

1978 SCMR 292  ABDUL REHMAN  THE STATE
PLD 2000 LAHORE 508
MRS. SHAHIDA FAISAL
FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN AND 3 OTHERS
P L D 2001 KARACHI 283  HUSSAIN ABDULLAH SALUM  THE STATE
ANWAR SAIFULLAH KHAN
THE STATE AND 3 OTHERS
CAPTAIN S.M. ASLAM
THE STATE AND 2 OTHERS
RANA ABDUL GHAFFAR
ABDUL SHAKOOR AND 3 OTHERS
JAN PERVEZ
HAJI FAZAL HUSSAIN & ORS

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