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Article: 38 Promotion of social and economic well-being of the people

38.  Promotion of social and economic well-being of the people.—The State shall—

(a)  secure  the  well-being  of  the  people, irrespective  of  sex,  caste,  creed or race,  by raising  their  standard of living,  by preventing  the concentration  of  wealth and means of production and distribution in the hands of a few to the detriment of general interest and by ensuring equitable adjustment of rights between employers and  employees, and landlords and tenants;

(b)  provide for all citizens, within the available resources of the country, facilities for work and adequate livelihood with reasonable rest and leisure;

(c)  provide  for all  persons employed  in the  service  of Pakistan  or otherwise, social security by compulsory social insurance or other means;

(d)  provide basic necessities of life, such as food, clothing, housing, education and  medical relief,  for all  such citizens,  irrespective of sex, caste, creed or race, as  are permanently  or temporarily  unable  to earn their   livelihood   on account of infirmity, sickness or unemployment;

(e)  reduce disparity in the income and earnings of individuals, including persons in the various classes of the service of Pakistan; 1[ ]

(f)  eliminate riba as early as possible 1[ ; and ]

1[(g)      ensure that the shares of the Provinces in all Federal services, including autonomous bodies and corporations established by, or under the control of, the Federal Government, shall be secured and any omission in the allocation of the shares of the Provinces in the past shall be rectified.]

_________________________________________________________________________________

Footnotes:

1. Section 12(i)(ii) of the Constitution (Eighteenth Amendment) Act, 2010 (10 of 2010), omitted the word “and” appearing at the end of paragraph (e) of Art. 38, and substituted the semicolon and the word “; and”, in place of the full stop, at the end of paragraph (f) and thereafter inserted a new paragraph (g) thereto, (w.e.f. April 19, 2010).


Comparative Table of Article 38 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973
Constitution of Pakistan 1962 :

8[9,10,11,12,15 & 18]

Constitution of Pakistan 1956 :

29

Constitution   of   India    1950:

38

Government of India Act 1935:

Leading & Latest Cases on Article 38 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :

P L D 1976 LAHORE 930
NIZAM KHAN
ADDITIONAL DISTRICT JUDGE LYALLPUR AND OTHERS
P L D 1988 SC 416  BENAZIR BHUTTO  FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN AND OTHERS
P L D 1992 LAHORE 277
SHAUKAT ALI
GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB AND OTHERS
P L D 1998 KARACHI 416  MUSHTQ ALI  GOVERNMENT OF SINDH through chief secreatary sindh new sindh
GHAZI
M. ABDUL KHALIQ AND OTHERS
2003 CLC 18  MUHAMMAD AKRAM AND OTHERS  SELECTION COMMITTEE FOR ADMISSION IN FIRST YEARS M.B.B.S.,
ABDUL BAQI AND OTHERS
MUHAMMAD AKRAM AND OTHERS
P L D 2013 SC 167  WATAN PARTY AND ANOTHER  FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN AND OTHERS
 
 
 
 
 
 

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