h1

22-Comparative Table

Comparative Tables of the Articles of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973, 1962 and 1956, the Constitution of India 1950 and the Government of India Act, 1935.

(1973)
Articles
(1962)
(1956)
(1950)
(1935)
1
The Republic and its territories.
1
1
1
1 & 5
2
Islam to be State religion.
2A
The Objective Resolution to form part of substantive provisions.
3
Elimination of exploitation.
4
Right of individuals to be dealt with in accordance with law, etc.
2
5
Loyalty to State and obedience to Constitution and law.
3-4
6
High treason.
7
Definition of the State.
5
3 & 23(1)
12
8
Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of Fundamental Rights to be void.
6
4
13
9
Security of person.
6(I.1)
5(2)
21
10
Safeguards as to arrest and detention.
6(I.2)
7
22
11
Slavery, forced labour, etc., prohibited.
6(I.3)
16
23
12
Protection against retrospective punishment.
6(I.4)
6
20(1)
13
Protection against double punishment and self-incrimination.
20(2)(3)
14
Inviolability of dignity of man, etc.
15
Freedom of movement, etc.
6(I.5)
11(a)
25
16
Freedom of assembly.
6(II.6)
9
19
17
Freedom of association.
6(II.7)
10
19
18
Freedom of trade, business or profession.
6(II.8)
12
19(1)
298(1)
19
Freedom of speach, etc.
6(III.9)
8
19
20
Freedom to profess religion and to manage religious institutions.
6(IV.10)
18
26
21
Safeguard against taxation for purposes of any particular religion.
6(IV.11)
21
27
22
Safeguards as to educational institutions in respect of religion, etc.
6(IV.12)
13
28
23
Provision as to property.
6(V.13)
11(b)
31
298
24
Protection of property rights.
6(V.14)
15
300A
299
25
Equality of citizens.
6(VI.15)
5(1)
14
26
Non-discrimination in respect of access to public places.
6(VII.16)
14
15(2)
27
Safeguard against discrimination in services.
6(VIII.17)
17
15(1)
28
Preservation of language, script and culture.
6(IX.18)
19
29
Principles of Policy.
7
39
30
Responsibility with respect to Principles of Policy.
8
37
31
Islamic way of life.
8[1A]
25
32
Promotion of local Government institutions.
33
Parochial and other similar prejudices to be dicouraged.
8[2]
26
34
Full participation of women in national life.
35
Protection of family, etc.
36
Protection of minorities.
8[3]
27
29
37
Promotion of social justice and eradication of social evils.
8[4,6,7,8,13,
19 & 20]
28
38
38
Promotion of social and economic well-being of the people.
8[9,10,11,12,15 & 18]
29
38
39
Participation of people in armed forces.
8[17]
31(1)
40
Strengthening bonds with Muslim world and promoting international peace.
8[21]
24
51
41
The President.
9 & 10
32
52 & 54
42
Oath of President.
11
215
60
43
Conditions of President’s office.
42
78
44
Term of office of President.
12
33
56
45
President’s power to grant pardon, etc.
18
209
72
295
46
Duties of Prime Minister in relation to President.
42
78
47
Removal or impeachment of President.
13
35
61
48
President to act on advice, etc.
37(2) & (7)
74
9 & 10(4)
49
Chairman or Speaker to act as, or perform functions of, President.
16
36
65
50
Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
19
43
79
18(1)
51
National Assembly.
20
44
81&326
18(2)(3)
52
Duration of National Assembly.
21
50(3)
83(2)
18(5)
53
Speaker and Deputy Speaker of National Assembly.
108
54
93
22(5)
54
Summoning and prorogation of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
22
50-51
85(1)(2)(a)
19(2)(a)(b)
55
Voting in Assembly and quorum.
110(1)(b)&(2)
55(1)(b)&(2)
100(1)(3)&(4)
23(1)&(3)
56
Address by President.
25(1)
52
86
20
57
Rigth to speak in Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
25(2)
53
88
21
58
Dissolution of National Assembly.
23
50(1)(3)
85(2-b)
19(2-c)
59
The Senate.
80
18(2)(3)&(4)
60
Chairman and Deputy Chairman.
89
22(1)
61
Other provisions relating to Senate.
22(2)(3)&(4)
62
Qualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
103
45
84
63
Disqualifications for membership of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
103(2)
45
102
26
63A
Disqualification on grounds of defection, etc.
64
Vacation of seats.
107
47 & 49
101
25
65
Oath of members.
106
48
99
24
66
Privileges of memebrs, etc.
111
56
105
28
67
Rules of Procedure, etc.
110
55
118
38
68
Restriction on discussion in Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
121
40(1)
69
Courts not to inquire into proceedings of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
56(1)
122
41
70
Introduction and passing of Bills.
47
58
107
73
71
Mediation Committee.
72
Procedure at joint sittings.
108
31
73
Procedure with respect to Money Bills.
47
58
109
30
74
Federal Government’s consent required for financial measures.
41(4)
59
117(3)
153
75
President’s assent to Bills.
27(1)
57
111
32
76
Bill not to lapse on prorogation, etc.
77
Tax to be levied by law only.
48
60
265
78
Federal Consolidated Fund and Public Account.
37
61
266
79
Custody, etc., of Federal Consolidated Fund and PUblic Account.
38
62
283
151
80
Annual Budget Statement.
40
63(1-2)
112(1)
33
81
Expenditure charged upon Federal Consolidated Fund.
39
64
112(3)
33(3)
82
Procedure relating to Annual Budget Statement.
41
65
113
34
83
Authentication of schedule of authorized expenditure.
35
84
Supplementary and excess grants.
44
67
115
36
85
Votes on account.
68
116
86
Power to authorize expenditure when Assembly stands dissolved.
29
69(3)(4)
87
Secretariats of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament).
35
98
88
Finance Committees.
118
280
89
Power of President to promulgate Ordinances.
29(2 to 6)
69(1)(2)
123
42-43
90
Exercise of executive authority of the Federation.
31
39(1)
53(1)
7(1)
91
The Cabinet.
33
37(1)(3)
74(1)&75(1)
9
92
Federal Ministers and Ministers of State.
33
37(4)
75(1)(2)&(4)
10(1)&(5)
93
Advisers.
94
Prime Minister continuing in office.
37(9)
95
Vote of no-confidence against Prime Minister.
96
(Omitted).
96A
(Omitted).
97
Extent of executive authority of Federation.
135
39(2)
73
8(1)
98
Conferring of functions on subordinate authorities.
99
Conduct of business of Federal Government.
32
41
77
17
100
Attorney-General for Pakistan.
36
38
76
16
101
Appointment of Governor.
66
70(1)(2)&(4)
155
48(1)
102
Oath of Office.
68
215
159
103
Conditions of Governor’s office.
70(5)
158
104
Acting Governor.
69
105
Governor to act on advice, etc.
71(1)(2)
163(1)
106
Constitution of Provincial Assemblies.
70-71
76-77
168 & 326
60
107
Duration of Provincial Assemblies.
72
83(1)(2)(3)
172(1)
61(2)(&(3)
108
Speaker and Deputy speaker.
108(1)(a)&(b)
87(1)
178
65(1)
109
Summoning and prorogation of Provincial Assembly.
73
83(1)
174(1)(a)
63(1)(2)
110
Right of Governor to address Provincial Assembly.
75(1)
85
175
63
111
Right to speak in Provincial Assembly.
75(2)
86
177
64
112
Dissolution of Provincial Assemby.
74
83(1)
174(2)(b)
62(2)(c)
113
Qualifications and disqualifications for membership of Provincial Assembly.
103-104
78
173
69
114
Restriction on discussion in Provincial Assembly.
211
86
115
Provincial Government’s consent required for financial measures.
92
116
Governor’s assent to Bills.
77
90(1)(a)
200
75
117
Bill not to lapse on prorogation, etc.
118
Provincial Consolidated Fund and Public Account.
86
94
199(f)
119
Custody, etc., of Provincial Consolidated Fund and Public Account.
87
95
199(f)
151
120
Annual Budget Statement.
89
96
202
78
121
Expenditure charged upon Provincial Consolidated Fund.
88
97
199(e)
122
Procedure relating to Annual Budget Statement.
41
98
202(1)(a)(b)
78
123
Authentication of Schedule of authorized expenditure.
80(2)(3)
124
Supplementary and excess grant.
44
100
205
81
125
Votes on account.
101(1)(a)
206
126
Power to authorize expenditure when Assembly stands dissolved.
102(3)
127
Provisions relating to National Assembly, etc., to apply to Provincial Assembly etc.
128
Power of Governor to promulgate Ordinances.
79
102
213
88
129
Exercise of executive authority of the Province.
80
73(1)
154
49
130
The Cabinet.
82
71
163
50
131
Duties of Chief Minister in relation to Governor.
75
167
132
Provincial Ministers.
82
71
164
50
133
Chief Minister continuing in office.
134
(Omitted).
135
(Omitted).
136
Vote of no-confidence against Chief Minister.
137
Extent of executive authority of Province.
136
73(2)
162
49
138
Conferring of functions on subordinate authorities.
139
Conduct of business of Provincial Government.
81
74
166
59
140
Advocate-General for a Province.
85
72
165
55(1)(2)&(3)
140A
Local Government.
141
Extent of Federal and Provincial laws.
131-132
105
245
99
142
Subject-matter of Federal and Provincial laws.
133
106(1)(2)(3)(4)
246
100
143
Inconsistency between Federal and Provincial laws.
134
110
251&254
107
144
Power of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) to legislate for two or more Provinces by consent.
135
107
252
103
145
Power of President to direct Governor to discharge certain functions as his Agents.
160
123
146
Power of Federation to confer powers, etc., on Provinces, in certain cases.
143
257
124
147
Power of the Provinces to entrust functions to the Federation.
258A
148
Obligation of Provinces and Federation.
125
256
122
149
Directions to Provinces in certain cases.
126
257
126
150
Full faith and credit for public acts, etc.
261
151
Inter-Provincial trade.
142
119
298
152
Acquisition of land for Federal purposes.
128
127
152A
National Security Council.
153
Council of Common interests.
130
263
135
154
Functions and rules of procedure.
155
Complaints as to interference with water supplies.
129
262
130
156
National Economic Council.
145
199
157
Electricity.
158
Priority of requirements of natural gas.
159
Broadcasting and telecasting.
131
129
160
National Finance Commission.
144
118
280
136
161
Natural gas and hydro-electric power.
162
Prior sanction of President requried to Bills affecting taxation in which Provinces are interested.
274
141
163
Provincial taxes in respect of professions, etc.
141
117(1)(2)(3)
276
138
164
Grants out of Consolidated Fund.
138
114
275
142
165
Exemption of certain public property from taxation.
137
112
285
154
165A
Power of Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) to impose tax on the income of certain corporations, etc.
276
166
Borrowing by Federal Government.
139
115
292
162
167
Borrowing by Provincial Government.
140
116
293
163(1)
168
Auditor-General of Pakistan.
191
120
148
166
169
Functions and powers of Auditor-General.
196
122
149
168
170
Power of Auditor-General to give directions as to accounts.
197
123
149
168
171
Reports of Auditor-General.
198
124
151
169
172
Owberless property.
146
133
296
174
173
Power to acquire property and to make contracts, etc.
134 & 135
298 & 299
175
174
Suits and proceedings.
136
300
176(1)
175
Establishment and jurisdiction of courts.
49
30, 148 & 165
124
200
176
Constitution of Supreme Court.
49
148
124
200(3) & (4)
177
Appointment of Supreme Court Judges.
50
149
127
200(3) & (4)
178
Oath of office.
51
215
124(6)
200(4)
179
Retiring Age.
52
150
124(2)(a)(b)
180
Acting Chief Justice.
53
152
126
202
181
Acting Judges.
54
153
127
182
Appointment of ad hoc Judges.
55
15
127
183
Seat of the Supreme Court.
56
155
130
203
184
Original jurisdiction of Supreme Court.
57
156
131
204
185
Appellate jurisdiction of Supreme Court.
58
157-160
132
205
186
Advisory jurisdiction.
59
162
143
213
186A
Power of Supreme Court to transfer.
139A
187
Issue and execution of processes of Supreme Court.
61
163(3)(4)(5)
142
210(2)
188
Review of judgements or orders by the Supreme Court.
62
161
137
189
Decisions of Supreme Court binding on other courts.
63
163(1)
141
212
190
Action in aid of Supreme Court.
64
163(2)
144
210(1)
191
Rules of procedure.
65
145
214
192
Constitution of High Court.
91
165
216
220
193
Appointment of High Court Judges.
92
166
217
220(2)
194
Oath of office.
93
215
219
220(4)
196
Acting Chief Justice.
95
168
223
222(1)
197
Additional Judges.
96
168
224
222(2)(3)
198
Seat of the High Court.
97
165(3)
214
219
199
Jurisdiction of High Court.
98
170
226
223A
200
Transfer of High Court Judges.
99
172
222
201
Decision of High Court bidning on subordinate courts.
100
202
Rules of Procedure.
101
227
223
203
High Court to superintend subordinate courts.
102
171
227-228
224(1) & 225
203A
Provisions of Chapter to override other provisions of Constitution.
203B
Definitions.
203C
The Federal Shariat Court.
203CC
(Omitted).
203D
Powers, jurisdiction and functions of the Court.
203DD
Revisional and other jurisdiction of the Court.
203E
Powers and procedure of the Court.
203F
Appeal to Supreme Court.
207
203G
Bar of jurisdiction.
203GG
Decision of Court binding on High Court and courts subordinate to it.
203H
Pending proceedings to continue, etc.
203I
(Omitted).
203J
Power to make rules.
204
Contempt of Court.
123
205
Remuneration, etc., of Judges.
124
175
221
221
206
Resignation.
125
173
220(2)(a)
207
Judge not to hold office of profit, etc.
126
220
208
Officers and servants of Courts.
127
229
228(1)(2)
209
Supreme Judicial Council.
128
210
Power of council to enforce attendance of persons, etc.,
211
Bar of jurisdiction.
212
Administrative Courts and Tribunals.
129
323(a)(b)
212A
(Omitted).
212B
(Omitted).
213
Chief Election Commissioner.
147
137(2)
291
214
Commissioner’s oath of office.
148
215
219
215
Term of office of Commissioner.
150
138(3)(4)
216
Commissioner not to hold office of profit.
151
217
Acting Commissioner.
152
139
218
Election Commission.
153
137(1)(3)
324
219
Duties of Commissioner.
140
324
291
220
Executive authorities to assist Commission, etc.
163
139
221
Officers and servants.
154
139(2)
222
Electoral laws.
156
144
324
291(a) to (l)
223
Bar against double membership.
105
79
224
Time of election and bye-election.
141
225
Election dispute.
171
146
291(h)
226
Elections to be by secret ballot.
172
227
Provisions relating to the Holy Quran and Sunnah.
204(a) &(b)
198
228
Composition, etc., of Islamic Council.
199-200
197(1)
229
Reference by Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament), etc., to Islamic Council.
230
Functions of the Islamic Council.
204
197(1)(2)
231
Rules of Procedure.
205
232
Proclamation of emergency on account of was, internal disturbance, etc.
30(a)(b)
191(1)
355
45(1)(a)(b)
233
Power to suspend Fundamental Rights, etc., during emergency period.
30(9)
192(1)
358
45
234
Power to issue Proclamation in case of failure of Constitutional machinery in a Province.
30(5-6)
193
356
45
235
Proclamation in case of financial emergency.
30
194
360
44
236
Revocation of Proclamation, etc.
30(3)
195
45(2)
237
Majlis-e-Shoora (Parliament) may make laws of indemnity, etc.
223A
196
238
Amendment of Constitution.
208
216
368
239
Constitution amendment Bill.
209
216
368
240
Appointments to service of Pakistan and conditions of service.
174
179 to 182
309
244 & 247(1)(a)
241
Existing rules, etc., to continue.
178(2)
247(1)(b)
242
Public Service Commission.
180
184
315
264
243
Command of Armed Forces.
17
40
53(2)
4
244
Oath of Armed Forces.
219
215
245
Functions of Armed Forces.
246
Tribal Areas.
223
103
244A
91
247
Administration of Tribal Areas.
223(3) to (5)
104
244 & 339
92
248
Protection to President, Governor, Minister, etc.
116
213
361
306
249
Legal proceedings.
227
250
Salaries, allowances, etc., of the President etc.
214
212
29
251
National language.
215
214
343
Omitted.
252
Special provisions in relation to major ports and aerodromes.
216
210
364
253
Maximum limits as to property, etc.
217
299
173
254
Failure to comply with requirement as to time does not render an act invalid.
218
365
255
Oath of office.
219
215
219
24,67,200(4) & 220(4)
256
Private armies forbidden.
220
257
Provision relating to the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
221
203
370
258
Government of territories outside Provinces.
222
2
294
259
Awards.
208
260
Definitions.
242
218
366
311(2 to 7)
261
Person acting in office not to be regarded as successor to previous occupant of office.
247
262
Gregorian calendar to be used.
243
263
Gender and number.
264
Effect of repeal of laws.
250
219
265
Title of Constitution
224
220
393&394
320
266
Repeal.
225
221
395
321
267
Power of President to remove difficulties.
224(3)
234
392
310
268
Continuance in force, and adaptation of, certain laws.
225
224
372
292-293
269
Valiation of laws, acts, etc.
31B
270
Temporary validation of certain laws, etc.
369
270A
Affirmation of President’s Orders, etc.
270AA
Validation and affirmation of Laws.
270B
Elections to be deemed to be held under Constitution.
229
291
270C
Oath of office of Judges, etc.
271
First National Assembly.
228
272
First Constitution of Senate.
273
First Provincial Assembly.
228
274
Vesting of property, assests, rights, liabilities and obligations.
232
231
294
172(1), 173
275
Continuance in office of persons in service of Pakistan, etc.
234
226
276
Oath of first President.
11
215
277
Transitional Financial provisions.
235
230
278
Accounts not audited before commencing day.
236
230
279
Continuance of taxes.
237
280
Continuance of Proclamation of Emergency.
1st Schedule
Laws exempted from the operation of Article 8(1) and (2)
4th Schedule
2nd Schedule
Election of President.
1 & 6th Schedule
2nd Schedule
3rd Schedule
Oaths of Offices.
1st Schedule
2nd Schedule
3rd Schdule
4th Schedule
4th Schedule
Legislative Lists.
5th Schedule
7th Schdule (Part D)
7th Schedule
5th Schedule
REmuneration and terms and conditions of service of Judges.
2nd Schedule
3rd Schedule
2nd Schedule
6th Schedule
Laws not to be altered, repealed or amended without the previous sanction of the President.
7th Schedule
Laws to be amended in the manner provided for amendment of the Constitution.
3rd Schedule


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