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P L D 1967 LAHORE 227

A.M. KHAN LAGHARI
V/S
GOVERNMENT OF PAKISTAN, SECY. GOVT. OF PAKISTAN EST. DIVISION

CONSTITUTION OF PAKISTAN (1973), ARTICLES 50 & 51:

(Constitution of Pakistan 1962, Articles 19 & 20)

Constitution of Pakistan (1962), Articles 19 & 20 read with Article 111(1) — voting on Bill; President’s assent to Bill — Validity of acts barred from consideration of Courts — President “part and parcel” of National assembly — “Assent” part
of “proceedings”.

The words [in Article 19, Constitution of Pakistan (1962)] “there shall be a Central Legislature of Pakistan” followed by a
comma and the words “which shall coinsist of the Presdient and one House” are followed by another comma which clearly indicates that the Central Legislature of Pakistan consists of the President and one House and is to be known as the National
Assembly of Pakistan. [p.282] PP

Article 20 only provides that there shall be 156 members of the National Assembly, one half of whom shall be elected in
accordance with the Constitution and law from the Province of East Pakistan and the other half from the Province of West
Pakistan; and out of them three of the seats for the members of each Province shall be reserved exclusively for women.[p.282] QQ

In Article 19, the old notion known to be constitutional students that the Queen or the King or the President are part and
parcel of the Parliament has been introduced, while in Article 20 the manner in which the National Assembly has to be composed is provided. [p.282] RR

Under Article 19 of the Constitution of 1962, the Central Legislasture of Pakistan consists of the President and one
House and it is also to be known as the National Assembly of Pakistan. In this view of the matter the President is part and
parcel of the National Assembly of Pakistan. [p. 283] SS

In Article 209(1) of the Constitutiion, it is provided that –

“A bill to amend this Constitution shall not be presented to the President for assent unless it has been passed by the votes
of not less than 2/3 of the total number of members of the National Assembly”. [p. 284] TT

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