- Provisions relating to the Holy Quran and Sunnah.-(1) All existing laws shall be brought in conformity with the Injunctions of Islam as laid down in the Holy Quran and Sunnah, in this Part referred to as the Injunctions of Islam, and no law shall be enacted which is repugnant to such injunctions.
1[Explanation.-In the application of this clause to the personal law of any Muslim sect, the expression “Quran and Sunnah” shall mean the Quran and Sunnah as interpreted by that sect.]
(2) Effect shall be given to the provisions of clause (1) only in the manner provided in this Part.
(3) Nothing in this Part shall affect the personal laws of non-Muslim citizens or their status as citizens.
- Section 2 of the Constitution (Third Amendment) Order, 1980, P.O. No. 14 of 1980, added the said Explanation to Art. 227, (w.e.f. September 18, 1980).
Comparative Table of Article 227 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973:
Constitution of Pakistan 1962 :
Constitution of Pakistan 1956 :
Constitution of India 1950:
Government of India Act 1935:
Leading & Latest Cases on Article 227 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :
P L D 1993 SC 901
WALI MUHAMMAD AND ANOTHER
P L D 1997 LAHORE 434
DR. HAMEED AHMAD AYAZ
GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB
P L D 2000 SC 225
Dr. M. Aslam Khaki
Syed Muhammad Hashim and 2 others
P L D 2001 KARACHI 240
RAUF B. KADRI AND OTHERS
FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN THROUGH FEDERAL SECRETARY LAW AND OTHERS
P L D 2001 SC 18
HAJI RANA MUHAMMAD SHABBIR AHMAD KHAN
FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN THROUGH ATTORNEY-GENERAL FOR PAKISTAN
P L D 2005 LAHORE 354 HAFIZ ASMATULLAH GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB AND OTHERS