h1

Article: 37 Promotion of social justice and eradication of social evils

37. Promotion of social justice and eradication of social evils.-The State shall-

(a) promote, with special care, the educational and economic interests of backward classes or areas;

(b) remove illiteracy and provide free and compulsory secondary education within minimum possible period;

(c) make technical and professional education generally available and higher education equally accessible to all on the basis of merit;

(d) ensure inexpensive and expeditious justice;

(e) make provision for securing just and humane conditions of work, ensuring that children and women are not employed in vocations unsuited to their age or sex, and for maternity benefits for women in employment;

(f) enable the people of different areas, through education, training, agricultural and industrial development and other methods, to participate fully in all forms of national activities, including employment in the service of Pakistan;

(g) prevent prostitution, gambling and taking of injurious drugs, printing, publication, circulation and display of obscene literature and advertisements;

(h) prevent the consumption of alcoholic liquor otherwise than for medicinal and, in the case of non-Muslims, religious purposes; and

(i) decentralise the Government administration so as to facilitate expeditious disposal of its business to meet the convenience and requirements of the public.

_________________________________________________________________________________

Footnotes:



Comparative Table of Article 37 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973
Constitution of Pakistan 1962 :

8[4,6,7,8,13,19 & 20

Constitution of Pakistan 1956 :

28

Constitution   of   India    1950:

38

Government of India Act 1935:

Leading & Latest Cases on Article 37 of the Constitution of Pakistan, 1973 :

P L D 1976 LAHORE 930  NIZAM KHAN  ADDITIONAL DISTRICT JUDGE LYALLPUR AND OTHERS
P L D 1988 SC 416
BENAZIR BHUTTO
FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN AND OTHERS
P L D 1990 KARACHI 342 FARHAT JALEEL AND OTHERS PROVINCE OF SINDH AND OTHERS
P L D 1996 KARACHI 1 ZOHRA AND 5 OTHERS THE GOVERNMENT OF SINDH, HEALTH DEPARTMENT AND ANOTHER
P L D 1998 SC 1445
MEHRAM ALI AND OTHERS
FEDERATION OF PAKISTAN AND OTHERS
2000 YLR 2724 PHILIPS ELECTRICAL INDUSTRIES OF PAKISTAN LTD.  PAKISTAN AND OTHERS
2001 SCMR 865  N.E.D. UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY  ABDUL FAREED AND ANOTHER
2003 CLC 18  MUHAMMAD AKRAM AND OTHERS  SELECTION COMMITTEE FOR ADMISSION IN FIRST YEARS M.B.B.S.,
P L D 2004 LAHORE 733
 PROVINCE OF PUNJAB
MISS ANAM ALI BHATTI AND OTHERS
P L D 2005 LAHORE 428  SYEDA SHAZIA IRSHAD BOKHARI  GOVERNMENT OF PUNJAB
P L D 2007 KARACHI 224  UMEED ALI AND 12 OTHERS  GOVERNMENT OF SINDH AND OTHERS
 
 
 
 
 
 

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